A look at poverty in Africa and worldwide
Two-thirds of the world’s least developed countries (LDCs) are in Sub-Saharan Africa and these countries carry a disproportionate share of the world burden of poverty and related challenges such as poor health care, sanitation, and insufficient education, a new report from the ONE Campaign shows. For example, while just 13 percent of the world’s women live in LDCs, these countries account for half of all maternal deaths. At the same time, ONE’s 2015 Data Report also shows that many of the world’s poorest people live in countries, such as Nigeria and India, which are now officially classified as middle-income. “While strong economic growth has lifted many countries into middle-income status, “serious developmental challenges do not disappear overnight when a country crosses this line,” the report noted. ONE’s report also provides a detailed country-by-country look at poverty, and the state of health, education and food security in Africa:
- Local government spending on healthcare is highest in Uganda and Rwanda, and lowest in South Sudan and Eritrea.
- Local government spending in agriculture is highest in Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and lowest in Guinea-Bissau and South Africa.
- Local government spending on education is highest in Ghana and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and lowest in Central African Republic and South Sudan.
Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of strong focus for OPIC and accounted for more than a quarter of new commitments in 2014.